Listening to: Ani DiFranco, "Hat Shaped Hat"
I've been doing a lot of reading lately, a great deal of which has me thinking about setting. Specifically, settings so important to a novel that they almost serve as another character.
One of the latest books in my currently-reading pile is Invisible Writer, a biography of Joyce Carol Oates. Regular readers will know that I adore Oates* and have for years--an interesting attraction, considering I write YA contemporary fantasy. We'll blame it on college, 'mkay? Anyhow, the biography follows her life and makes connections between the various places she's lived and the (mostly fictionalized) settings of her novels and short stories. Upstate New York, Detroit, even the town in Texas she hated showed up in one story. These settings are, in many cases, crucial to the events of the novel or story, the voice and the tone, and the characters and their development.
So this got me thinking about other books where setting is important. I also just read An Abundance of Katharines,** and having completed all of John Green's novels, I can say setting is pretty important in his novels, too. Looking for Alaska: Alabama. Hot days, sultry nights, the slower tempo of Southern states all contribute, I think, to the protagonist's frame of mind throughout. Paper Towns: Mostly Florida, can't recall which city, but the half-finished and abandoned housing developments play a big part in the plot and the atmosphere. Katharines: Starts in Chicago, quickly makes its way to rural Tennessee. The people and customs of the area are hugely important to the plot, and some of the comedy, since the protagonist and his best friend are, respectively, half-Jewish and Muslim, in addition to being born-and-bred city boys.
My point would be, I guess, that I love books where the setting provides such a thick, heady atmosphere that it stays with you even after you close the back cover and set it back on the shelf.
And of course, we have an entire genre that is defined, in part, by its setting. Urban fantasy novels wouldn't be urban fantasy if they were set in, say, a farming community in Iowa.***
This confluence of books about setting-heavy writers and books by setting-heavy writers led me to think about my own settings. I may have mentioned this in passing once or twice, but I've never gone into detail--I love Pennsylvania, I've lived here for all but six months of my life, and I'm kind of obsessed with setting novels here.
I grew up in the woods, see. And the woods were our playground. At our first house, we each had a section of the woods, a tiny clearing or a fallen log, that was our "house" or "store", depending on what we were playing. The creek that meandered behind our house is still a beautiful, fantastical setting rife with possibility in my mind. And I don't think city kids would play "Invisible Man" like we did.*****
My first book--both times I wrote it (age 12 and age 23)--was set in a fictional town in northwest PA, and if I put it on a map, it would've been right on top of my hometown. My second took place at a camp that I plopped down right in the middle of the Allegheny National Forest, which is all around my hometown and was a big part of my childhood. My third? Yep, you guessed it. In that one, I actually used specific parts of the town--the high school, the river, the old bridge, the cafe--and gave it a name that refers to my current town (Charlestown). My sister clearly recognized the high school, and my mom recommended changing the high school's exterior to the middle school's, as that added a bit more creepiness to the opening chapter.
The settings in these books are by and large important to the stories. I hope, at least, that I've incorporated them in a manner that adds atmosphere--small-town, forest-y atmosphere. It's the atmosphere I live in, and the atmosphere that speaks the loudest to me. For book three, though, I veered away a bit--the main characters traveled to the mountains of North Carolina (pics 1, 3, 4, and 9) for the climax. I've been there once, about nine years ago now, but the area stuck in my head. I was nervous about veering from my home area, and probably only included sparse details of the surrounding area--actually, I might go back and add some, even now. But I rarely feel confident traveling via my own fiction to other places.
Which might be why I've been thinking about setting so much lately, aside from all the reading. Because my next book won't take place anywhere near Pennsylvania. It won't even, really, take place in America. The setting itself will be fictionalized, but it'll be based on real places--islands, to be specific. This particular aspect of the novel is so important, in my mind, that I've mentally titled it The Island Book. I have a few actual titles in mind, naturally, but I can't bring myself to call it anything else.
I'll be starting it in a month or two, and even though I'm quite nervous, I'm also incredibly excited. It's good to veer away from your comfort zone, even if it takes years to get there. And I feel like I'm ready. Everything I've written so far, in a strange way, has been leading to this.
How about you? Have the settings in any particular books struck you as terribly important to the novel? And if you are one of those rare (*snort*) other writers out there, what role has place played in your writing?
*And really regular readers will recall that I met her last spring, got two books signed by her and a picture taken with her, and also was told by her that I was very beautifully dressed--all facts I will make any excuse to bring up even eight months after the fact, and probably for the rest of my life.
**Note: This may be spelled Katherines, but I'm too lazy to find the book either in real life or on Amazon. Also, not in a linky-linky kinda mood, so not gonna do that either. But all of John Green's novels are good, so maybe go look them up. His books make me giggle quite a bit, but they also dig into some of the deeper truths of life. There--I'm now finished making up for not linking to Amazon.
***Is there such a thing as rural fantasy? Settings with sparser populations, I think, can contribute hugely to the tone of a contemporary fantasy novel. I think this is a genre waiting to happen, or, more likely, one that's already happened and it just kinda passed me by because I was too busy looking at something shiny.****
****The footnotes for this entry are getting ridiculous.
*****This game consisted of pointing and saying, "Hey look, it's the Invisible Man!" Then, when the target looked, you said "Oh, you missed him." Also, we made mudpies and mudballs for the Invisible Man. Whether they were "poisoned" with sticks or grass depended on whether he was evil that week or not. Yes, this was before the Internet.
If you don't feel that you are possibly on the edge of humiliating yourself, of losing control of the whole thing, then possibly what you are doing isn't very vital. If you don't feel like you are writing somewhat over your head, why do it? If you don't have some doubt of your authority to tell this story, then you are not trying to tell enough. --John Irving